THE organisation behind the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has fast-tracked plans to build a particle smasher three times the size of the current one.
The LHC is already a whopping 27 kilometres in length but the next one will range from 80 to 100 kilometres, it has been revealed.
However, work on the LHC’s successor is expected to take decades.
The LHC 2.0, or Future Circular Collider (FCC), will revolutionise the world of physics when it is up and running, and build on the work of its predecessor.
The LHC is responsible for the discovery of the Higgs Boson particle, which was confirmed in 2012 – a particle that had been evading physicists since the 1960s when it was first theorised by Dr Peter Higgs.
The Standard Model is a theory in particle physics that dictates how all of the particles in the universe interact, and the Higgs Boson, also known as the God Particle, was deemed necessary to give mass to other particles.
The discovery of the Higgs Boson in 2012 validated generations’ worth of physicists theoretical work.
Without Higgs Boson, scientists claim, mass would fundamentally not exist.
However, the FCC will have beams with a strength of 100 tera electron volts, which is as strong as 10 million lightening bolts.
With this sort of strength, experts may be able to find particles that are even more secretive that the Higgs Boson, and help unravel more mysteries of the universe and its structure.
Michael Benedikt, lead researcher on the FCC project, told Horizon: “When you look into things like the movement of galaxies, we see that we can only understand and explain about five percent of what we observe.
“But with questions like the so-called problem of dark matter, which is linked to the fact that galaxies and stars are not moving as you would expect them to, the only explanation we have is that there must be matter we do not see which distorts the movement accordingly.”