Researchers are onto a new fundamental particle. They are calling it the ‘Madala Boson’ and it is a particle that may aid in solving the mystery surrounding dark matter.
The ‘Madala Boson’ particle is actually very similar to the Higgs Boson –but unlike the Higgs, it is believed to interact with so-called ‘Dark Matter’ which is believed to make up around 27 percent of the universe.
Researchers from the High Energy Physics (HEI) of the University of Witwatersrand in South Africa have predicted a new particle that could help unravel the mysteries behind dark matter.
Using data from a series of experiments that led to the discovery and the first research of the Higgs boson particle –the particle which gives mass to mater— at the CERN facility in 2012, South African researchers established what they call the Madala hypothesis in the description of a new boson, called the Higgs Madala.
The experiment was repeated in 2015 and 2016. The data provided by the LHC experiments in 2016, confirmed the characteristics of the data that led to the hypothesis Madala in the first place. Researchers collaborated with scientists from countries like India and Sweden.
The Madala Boson hypothesis is a revolutionary discovery that could open the doors to understanding how our universe works.
“Physics today is at a crossroads similar to the times of Einstein and the fathers of Quantum Mechanics,’ says Professor Bruce Mellado, team leader of the HEP group at Wits. Classical physics failed to explain a number of phenomena and, as a result, it needed to be revolutionized with new concepts, such as relativity and quantum physics, leading to the creation of what we know now as modern physics.”
It is noteworthy to mention that the Standard Model of Physics was finally completed when researchers ‘stumbled across’ the Higgs Bosson in 2012. However, it does not account for some phenomenon like dark matter, which according to researchers is crucial for understanding how our universe works.
The ‘Madala Boson’ however, could explain the mysterious origin of dark matter.
This discovery comes after researchers announced that they have possibly spotted an ‘unknown subatomic particle’ that could be conclusive evidence of a FIFTH fundamental force of nature.
The Standard Model explains how the basic building blocks of matter interact, governed by four fundamental forces. The theories and discoveries of thousands of physicists since the 1930s have resulted in a remarkable insight into the fundamental structure of matter: everything in the universe is found to be made from a few basic building blocks called fundamental particles, governed by four fundamental forces.
The team of researchers participating in the Madala project consists of approximately 35 South African students and researchers that contributed to the understanding of the data that emerged from the experiments at the LHC, along with the phenomenological research of theorists such as Alan Cornell, Mukesh Kumar and Elias Sideras-Haddad ( all of Wits University).